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To be executed in statuary marble; enamel dial with gilt bronze center

The queen, helmeted and with a pelta shield, wielding an axe, mounted on a horse rearing over a cowering helmeted warrior with uplifted circular shield, nude except for his sword scabbard and a loin drapery, in the center a rocky outcrop containing the clock 25in.

As recounted in Homer's Odyssey, Penthesilea, Queen of the Amazons, came with a band of female warriors to the aid of besieged Troy. The Amazons were famed for their valour in battle and the fear they inspired by their war cry. Penthesilea slew many of the bravest Greek warriors laying siege to Troy, but was herself finally slain by the Greek hero Achilles. However, once he saw her beauty and youth face to face, having bent over his fallen foe, Achilles regretted killing her. For the allegorical significance of the Trojan War and its aftermath, see Introduction, Themes and Iconography, p. XXX above A clock of this exact model, but in patinated bronze and Sienna marble, is in the Spanish royal collection; see Carvajal, 373, #368. A variant of this design (with the omission of the warrior) forms one of a pair, the counterpart with the composition in reverse but with a figure of Achilles on the rearing horse. Both clocks are in the same collection; see Carvajal, 409, #405 & 479, #483, As a pair, the horses must derive from the Chevaux de Marly (see Ottomeyer & Preschel, II, 688, 1). A figure closely relating to the figure of the cowering Greek warrior of the present design is found on another clock in the Spanish royal collection; see Carvajal, 308, #297. The style and execution of all these "Trojan War" clocks recalls the following clock models, also in the Spanish royal collection: Jason and the Golden Fleece; Minerva; Alexander and the Family of Darius; and Paris Protected by Hector; see Carvajal, #166, #223, #269; #165; #154; #262.


Watercolour, gouache and pen and ink, on laid paper


Inscribed: Penthesile et Guerrier; marbre et bronze (Penthesilea and a warrior; marble and bronze)


54.60cm wide   73.00cm high (21.50 inches wide  28.74 inches high)